Understanding the Stages of Venous Insufficiency

The National Center for Biotechnology Information defines chronic venous disorder the most widespread medical condition in the world. As it comprises different stages, it typically does not start with symptoms or signs. This is probably a big issue as many people are unable to identify it and experience the pain.

While the best way to prevent the symptoms associated with venous insufficiency is to consult vein specialist such as Dr. Pensler, learning about its stages can also help you.

Let’s delve into the details to understand the stages of venous insufficiency.

What is Venous Insufficiency?

CVI or Venous Insufficiency occurs when the one-way tiny valves (controlling the blood flow through veins) become injured or damaged. In normal condition, the veins allow valves to open and let blood flow through the capillaries to the heart and close again.

However, if the veins start leaking blood, the flow goes back into valves and accumulates there. The condition enlarges the veins and makes them appear bluish-purple (deoxygenated blood) on the surface as varicose vein or spider veins.

Understanding the Stages of Venous Insufficiency

Stage 1: Spider Veins

The very first stage is when the spider veins start developing on the leg. They look unsightly but are not painful or discomforting. However, you shouldn’t ignore the signs.

Stage 2: Varicose Vein

When there are bulging veins under your leg’s skin, it is the sign of varicose veins. The condition may or may not cause pain.

Stage 3: Swelling

Leaving varicose veins untreated may worsen the first two stages. Your veins may start swelling under the skin and affect the blood circulation in the body. It may become a major hindrance for you to live a quality life. Swelled vein may also damage the lymphatic system.

Stage 4: Skin Discoloration

Keep in mind that when you avoid treatment of varicose veins, they pool in the area with blood, surrounding the injured veins. This changes the skin color. The accumulated blood may trigger inflammatory responses resulting in itchy rash called stasis dermatitis

Stage 5: Ulcers

Venous insufficiency progresses when you leave it untreated. The condition may worsen and become venous stasis ulcer, which is an open sore that occurs due to the breakage of skin tissue on the leg. The sore and ulcer is extremely painful and may limit mobility. You must consider seeing a vein specialist before it progresses to this stage.

Only an expert medical professional like Dr.Elizabeth Pensler can evaluate and treat the condition and help you heal the sores while preventing it from reoccurring.

Summing Up

In a nutshell, vein disease and CVI go hand in hand. Both refer to different stages of issues in the veins. The condition may cause aching, heaviness, and swelling in the legs. That is why consulting a qualified doctor specializing in vein health is imperative.

Get in touch with Dr.Pensler’s clinic to find the right treatment for conditions like venous insufficiency.

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